Incremental value of volumetric quantification for myocardial perfusion imaging by computed tomography

Kardiol Pol. 2022;80(2):163-171. doi: 10.33963/KP.a2022.0015. Epub 2022 Jan 18.


ackground: The extent of myocardial ischemia is the crucial prognostic factor for interventional treatment decision making for coronary artery disease. The ability of computed tomography per-fusion (CTP) to provide the missing volumetric information and its clinical value remains unknown.

Aims: The study aimed to compare a novel ischemic volume quantification method based on dynamic computed tomography perfusion (VOL CTP) with other CT-based imaging modalities for revascularization prediction.

Methods: In this prospective study, 53 (25 females, 63.5 [8.5] years old) consecutive symptomatic patients with 50%-90% coronary artery stenosis (n ≥1) on coronary computed tomography angiography underwent computed-tomography-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) analysis and dynamic CTP. We calculated the percentage of myocardial ischemia on the CTP-derived images. A 10% cut-off was used to define functionally significant ischemia. The outcomes include coronary revas-cularization during the follow-up of 2.5 (interquartile range, 1.4-2.8) years. Physicians were blinded to the results of CTP and CT-FFR.

Results: Of the 53 patients in the study (68 arteries with 50%-90% stenosis), 16 underwent revascularization (12 elective, 4 event-driven). In the CTP quantitative analysis, 26 patients had ischemia. Overall, 18 patients had ischemia ≥10% on volumetric ischemia quantification based on dynamic computed tomography perfusion (VOL CTP), and 28 patients had CT-FFR <0.8. VOL CTP, standard CTP, CT-FFR, and computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA) ≥70% performed well for the prediction of total revascularization. Area under the curve was 0.973 vs. 0.865, vs. 0.793, vs. 0.668, respectively. The VOL CTP with ≥10% cut-off was superior to the CT-FFR, standard CTP, and CTA ≥70% (P <0.001; P = 0.002 and P <0.001 respectively).

Conclusions: VOL CTP quantification is feasible and adds important, actionable information to that provided by standard CTP or CT-FFR in patients with 50%-90% coronary artery stenosis.

Keywords: computed tomography fractional flow reserve; computed tomography myocardial perfusion; dynamic computed tomography perfusion; myocardial ischemia.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Computed Tomography Angiography / methods
  • Coronary Angiography / methods
  • Coronary Artery Disease* / diagnostic imaging
  • Coronary Stenosis* / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial*
  • Humans
  • Myocardial Perfusion Imaging* / methods
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods