Contribution of modifiable risk factors on the burden of diabetes among women in reproductive age-group in India: a population based cross-sectional study

J Public Health Policy. 2022 Mar;43(1):89-108. doi: 10.1057/s41271-021-00334-6. Epub 2022 Jan 18.


The diabetes burden is rapidly accelerating in India, particularly since the 2000s. We explore the burden and contribution of modifiable risk factors in diabetes among reproductive women across geographic regions of India. The study uses data from the National Family Health Survey in India 2015-2016, Census of India 2011, and World Population Prospects 2015. We computed Population Attributable Fractions and the number of total and estimated avoidable diabetic cases across regions. The prevalence of diabetic cases in India were 24.4 per 1000 women, varying across geographic regions. Diabetes affected around 8.2 million women (15-49 years) in India. Overweight (PAF = 19.5%) and obesity (PAF = 18.3%) contributed to the diabetes burden; if mitigated optimally, these can reduce diabetic cases by 2.8 million in India. Controlling diabetes should be region specific for maximum impact. Extending chronic disease screening during maternal and child health consultations might help decelerate the growing menace of diabetes in the country.

Keywords: BMI; Diabetes; India; Modifiable risk factors; Women.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus* / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Overweight / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors