Antiviral Activity and Resistance Profile of the Novel HIV-1 Non-Catalytic Site Integrase Inhibitor JTP-0157602

J Virol. 2022 Mar 23;96(6):e0184321. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01843-21. Epub 2022 Jan 19.


HIV-1 integrase (IN) is an essential enzyme for viral replication. Non-catalytic site integrase inhibitors (NCINIs) are allosteric HIV-1 IN inhibitors and a potential new class of antiretrovirals. In this report, we identified a novel NCINI, JTP-0157602, with an original scaffold. JTP-0157602 exhibited potent antiviral activity against HIV-1 and showed a serum-shifted 90% effective concentration (EC90) of 138 nM, which is comparable to those of the FDA-approved IN strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs). This compound was fully potent against a wide range of recombinant viruses with IN polymorphisms, including amino acids 124/125, a hot spot of IN polymorphisms. In addition, JTP-0157602 retained potent antiviral activity against a broad panel of recombinant viruses with INSTI-related resistance mutations, including multiple substitutions that emerged in clinical studies of INSTIs. Resistance selection experiments of JTP-0157602 led to the emergence of A128T and T174I mutations, which are located at the lens epithelium-derived growth factor/p75 binding pocket of IN. JTP-0157602 inhibited HIV-1 replication mainly during the late phase of the replication cycle, and HIV-1 virions produced by reactivation from HIV-1 latently infected Jurkat cells in the presence of JTP-0157602 were noninfectious. These results suggest that JTP-0157602 and analog compounds can be used to treat HIV-1 infectious diseases. IMPORTANCE Non-catalytic site integrase inhibitors (NCINIs) are allosteric HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitors that bind to the lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF)/p75 binding pocket of IN. NCINIs are expected to be a new class of anti-HIV-1 agents. In this study, we present a novel NCINI, JTP-0157602, which has potent activity against a broad range of HIV-1 strains with IN polymorphisms. Furthermore, JTP-0157602 shows strong antiviral activity against IN strand transfer inhibitor-resistant mutations, suggesting that JTP-0157602 and its analogs are potential agents for treating HIV-1 infections. Structural modeling indicated that JTP-0157602 binds to the LEDGF/p75 binding pocket of IN, and the results of in vitro resistance induction revealed the JTP-0157602 resistance mechanism of HIV-1. These data shed light on developing novel NCINIs that exhibit potent activity against HIV-1 with broad IN polymorphisms and multidrug-resistant HIV-1 variants.

Keywords: HIV-1 integrase; NCINIs; polymorphisms; resistance mutations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-HIV Agents / pharmacology
  • Drug Resistance / genetics
  • HIV Integrase Inhibitors* / chemistry
  • HIV Integrase Inhibitors* / pharmacology
  • HIV Integrase* / metabolism
  • HIV-1* / drug effects
  • HIV-1* / enzymology
  • HIV-1* / genetics
  • Humans


  • Anti-HIV Agents
  • HIV Integrase Inhibitors
  • HIV Integrase