A Group Intervention to Promote Resilience in Nursing Professionals: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jan 6;19(2):649. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19020649.


In this study, a new group intervention program to foster resilience in nursing professionals was tested for efficacy. In total, 72 nurses were recruited and randomised to either an intervention condition or to a wait list control condition. The study had a pre-test, post-test, follow-up design. The eight-week program targeted six resilience factors: cognitive flexibility, coping, self-efficacy, self-esteem, self-care, and mindfulness. Compared to the control group, the intervention group reported a significant improvement in the primary outcome mental health (measured with the General Health Questionnaire) from pre-test (M = 20.79; SD = 9.85) to post-test (M = 15.81; SD = 7.13) with an estimated medium effect size (p = 0.03, η2 = 0.08) at post-test. Further significant improvements were found for resilience and other resilience related outcomes measures. The individual stressor load of the subjects was queried retrospectively in each measurement. Stress levels had a significant influence on mental health. The intervention effect was evident even though the stress level in both groups did not change significantly between the measurements. Follow-up data suggest that the effects were sustained for up to six months after intervention. The resilience intervention reduced mental burden in nurses and also positively affected several additional psychological outcomes.

Keywords: coping; mental health; nursing; occupational stress; psychotherapy; randomised controlled trial; resilience.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Mental Health
  • Mindfulness*
  • Resilience, Psychological*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Self Efficacy