Safety of Aesthetic Medicine Procedures in Patients with Autoimmune Thyroid Disease: A Literature Review

Medicina (Kaunas). 2021 Dec 24;58(1):30. doi: 10.3390/medicina58010030.


Autoimmune thyroid diseases are the most common organ-specific autoimmune diseases, affecting 2-5% of the world's population. Due to the autoimmune background of thyroid diseases, we analyzed a wide range of cosmetic procedures, from minimally invasive cosmetic injections (mesotherapy) to highly invasive procedures, such as lifting threads. Out of the seven categories of treatments in aesthetic medicine analyzed by us-hyaluronic acid, botulinum toxin, autologous platelet-rich plasma, autologous fat grafting, lifting threads, IPL and laser treatment and mesotherapy-only two, mesotherapy and lifting threads, are not recommended. This is due to the lack of safety studies and the potential possibility of a higher frequency of side effects in patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases.

Keywords: aesthetic medicine; autoimmune thyroid diseases.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cosmetic Techniques*
  • Esthetics
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronic Acid
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma*
  • Transplantation, Autologous


  • Hyaluronic Acid