Self-Healing of SiC-Al 2 O 3-B 4 C Ceramic Composites at Low Temperatures

Materials (Basel). 2022 Jan 15;15(2):652. doi: 10.3390/ma15020652.

Abstract

Self-healing ceramics have been researched at high temperatures, but few have been considered at lower temperatures. In this study, SiC-Al2O3-B4C ceramic composite was compacted by spark plasma sintering (SPS). A Vickers indentation was introduced, and the cracks were healed between 600 °C and 800 °C in air. Cracks could be healed completely in air above 700 °C. The ceramic composite had the best healing performance at 700 °C for 30 min, recovering flexural strength of up to 94.2% of the original. Good crack-healing ability would make this composite highly useful as it could heal defects and flaws autonomously in practical applications. The healing mechanism was also proposed to be the result of the oxidation of B4C.

Keywords: SiC-Al2O3-B4C; flexural strength; low temperatures; self-healing.