Mini-review: Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation and the Cerebellum

Cerebellum. 2023 Feb;22(1):120-128. doi: 10.1007/s12311-021-01362-4. Epub 2022 Jan 20.


Oscillatory activity in the cerebellum and linked networks is an important aspect of neuronal processing and functional implementation of behavior. So far, it was challenging to quantify and study cerebellar oscillatory signatures in human neuroscience due to the constraints of non-invasive cerebellar electrophysiological recording and interventional techniques. The emerging cerebellar transcranial alternating current stimulation technique (CB-tACS) is a promising tool, which may partially overcome this challenge and provides an exciting non-invasive opportunity to better understand cerebellar physiology.Several studies have successfully demonstrated that CB-tACS can modulate the cerebellar outflow and cerebellum-linked behavior. In the present narrative review, we summarize current studies employing the CB-tACS approach and discuss open research questions. Hereby, we aim to provide an overview on this emerging electrophysiological technique and strive to promote future research in the field. CB-tACS will contribute in the further deciphering of cerebellar oscillatory signatures and its role for motor, cognitive, or affective functions. In long term, CB-tACS could develop into a therapeutic tool for retuning disturbed oscillatory activity in cerebellar networks underlying brain disorders.

Keywords: Cerebellum; Entrainment; Non-invasive brain stimulation; Oscillatory activity; Transcranial alternating current stimulation; tACS.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Diseases*
  • Cerebellum / physiology
  • Humans
  • Neurons
  • Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation* / methods