Background: Blocking the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway decreases resistance to hormonal therapy in endometrial carcinoma (EC).
Objective: In this study, the aim was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of everolimus(E)/letrozole (L) or medroxyprogesterone acetate(M)/tamoxifen(T) in the treatment of metastatic EC.
Study design: This single stage, open-label two arm randomized phase II trial accrued women with advanced/persistent/recurrent EC. Treatment with E (10 mg daily) and L (2.5 mg daily) or T (20 mg twice daily) and M (200 mg daily alternating weeks) was randomly assigned, and stratified by prior adjuvant therapy. Treatments were administered orally. Primary endpoint was response rate.
Results: Between February 2015 and April 2016, everolimus/letrozole (n = 37) or MT (n = 37) was assigned to 74 patients. Median follow-up was 37 months. Eight (22%; 95% CI 11% to 37%) patients responded on EL (one CR) and nine (25%; 95% CI 14% to 41%) patients responded on MT (three CRs). Median PFS for EL and MT arms was 6 months and 4 months, respectively. On EL, chemo-nave patients demonstrated a 28 month median PFS; prior chemotherapy patients had a 4-month median PFS. On MT, patients without prior therapy had a 5-month median PFS; those with prior chemotherapy demonstrated a 3-month PFS. Common grade 3 adverse events were anemia (9 [24%] patients EL vs 2 [6%] MT) and mucositis (2 [5%] vs 0 [0%]). Grade 3/4 thromboembolic events were observed with MT but not with EL (0 [0%] vs 4 [11%]).
Conclusions: EL and MT demonstrated clinically meaningful efficacy in recurrent EC patients. The higher PFS observed in chemo-naïve patients is worthy of confirmation in future studies.
Keywords: Aromatase inhibitor; Clinical trial; Endometrial carcinoma; Endometrioid; Megace; mTOR inhibtion.
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