Fifteen-minute consultation: Management of paediatric minor burns

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2023 Aug;108(4):242-247. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2021-323229. Epub 2022 Jan 21.


Burn injuries are a common presentation to the paediatric emergency department (PED) and are painful, distressing and may have long-term sequelae. In adhering to the first aid principles of burns management, we aim to alleviate pain, prevent bacterial contamination and minimise the extent of injury. First aid involves cooling the burn and covering with an appropriate material while simultaneously providing analgesia. Assessing the severity (depth and total body surface area) of the burn are important for prognostication with implications for management. It is imperative to consider non-accidental injury in burns, which be present in 10% of cases .

Keywords: paediatric emergency medicine; paediatrics; resuscitation.

MeSH terms

  • Burns* / diagnosis
  • Burns* / therapy
  • Child
  • First Aid
  • Humans
  • Pain
  • Pain Management
  • Referral and Consultation