Prehospital airway management for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A nationwide multicenter study from the KoCARC registry

Acad Emerg Med. 2022 May;29(5):581-588. doi: 10.1111/acem.14443. Epub 2022 Feb 10.


Aim: This study investigated whether prehospital advanced airway management (AAM) is associated with improved survival of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) compared with conventional bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation.

Methods: We investigated the neurologically favorable survival of adult patients with OHCA who underwent BVM or AAM using the Korean Cardiac Arrest Research Consortium (KoCARC), a multicenter OHCA registry of Korea. The differences in clinical characteristics were adjusted by matching or weighting the clinical propensity for use of AAM or by least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO). The primary outcome was 30-day survival with neurologically favorable status defined by cerebral performance category 1 or 2.

Results: Of the 9,616 patients enrolled (median age = 71 years; 65% male), there were 6,243 AAM and 3,354 BVM patients. In unadjusted analysis, the 30-day neurologically favorable survival was lower in the AAM group compared with the BVM group (5.5% vs. 10.0%; hazard ratio [HR] = 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.16 to 1.27; all p < 0.001). In propensity score matching-adjusted analysis, these differences were not found (9.6% vs. 10.0%; HR = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.93 to 1.03, p > 0.05). Inverse probability of treatment weighting- and LASSO-adjusted analyses replicated these results.

Conclusions: In this nationwide real-world data analysis of OHCA, the 30-day neurologically favorable survival did not differ between prehospital AAM and BVM after adjustment for clinical characteristics.

Keywords: advanced airway management; neurologically favorable survival; out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Airway Management / methods
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation* / methods
  • Emergency Medical Services* / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest*
  • Registries
  • Respiration, Artificial / methods