The 2021 International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy classification, diagnosis & management recommendations for international practice

Pregnancy Hypertens. 2022 Mar;27:148-169. doi: 10.1016/j.preghy.2021.09.008. Epub 2021 Oct 9.


All units managing hypertensive pregnant women should maintain and review uniform departmental management protocols and conduct regular audits of maternal & fetal outcomes. The cause(s) of pre-eclampsia and the optimal clinical management of the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy remain uncertain; therefore, we recommend that every hypertensive pregnant woman be offered an opportunity to participate in research, clinical trials and follow-up studies.

Keywords: Hypertension; Maternal; Outcome; Perinatal; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Blood Pressure Determination / methods*
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Postnatal Care / methods
  • Pre-Eclampsia / diagnosis*
  • Pre-Eclampsia / drug therapy*
  • Pre-Eclampsia / prevention & control
  • Pregnancy
  • Proteinuria / urine
  • Risk Factors
  • Societies, Medical


  • Antihypertensive Agents