The microplastic pattern of wild-caught Mediterranean mussels from the Marmara Sea

Mar Pollut Bull. 2022 Feb:175:113331. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113331. Epub 2022 Jan 20.


The Sea of Marmara suffers from pollutants that come from municipal/industrial discharges and the Black Sea. Microplastic (MP)s, a rising environmental concern with consequences for seafood safety, are one of these contaminants. Thus, the abundance and feature of MPs in wild populations of the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from 20 sites along the sea of Marmara coastlines were analyzed herein. In total, 812 MPs were detected in 412 mussels. The MPs ranged from 0.30 to 7.53 MP individual-1 and 0.11 to 4.58 MP g-1 fresh weight. The most common shape of the MPs detected was fiber (81.16%), the majority of which were smaller than 1 mm. Polymer types were verified by FTIR, and 14 different polymers have been identified; the dominant was polyethylene terephthalate (PET, 66.38%). When one is served by a mussel meal weekly, the risk statistics project that the exposure will be 252 MPs per portion. Yet, the risk associated with the MP-contaminated mussel consumption is insignificant according to hypothetical calculations using a chemical additive (bisphenol A).

Keywords: Abundance; Characteristics; Microplastic; Monitoring; Mytilus galloprovincialis.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Microplastics
  • Mytilus*
  • Plastics
  • Seafood / analysis
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical* / analysis


  • Microplastics
  • Plastics
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical