Paclitaxel is often excluded during pregnancy for women with breast cancer due to limited neonatal follow-up. We confirmed in utero fetal Paclitaxel exposure for 8 newborns. Birth details and follow-up to 36 months of age is reported. Meconium samples from newborns exposed to chemotherapy were screened by liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry while blinded to maternal treatment during pregnancy. Newborn information at birth and annually was obtained. Mean gestational age (GA) at cancer diagnosis and start of chemotherapy was 8.7 + 6.2 weeks and 17.1 ± 3.5 weeks. Paclitaxel was started at a mean GA of 27.0 ± 5.8 weeks. Paclitaxel followed Doxorubicin/Cyclophosphamide in 6 cases, 5-Fluouracil/Doxorubicin/Cyclophosphamide in 1, and was used alone in 1. Mean number of days between Paclitaxel and birth was 23 ± 15. Identification of Paclitaxel and/or metabolites was made in all meconium from paclitaxel-exposed fetuses. Birthweight was < 10% for GA in 3 infants. Three anomalies occurred: mild hip dysplasia without further treatment and mitral valve stenosis. The third child was diagnosed with Cleidocranial Dysostosis, a familial anomaly. Mean age at pediatric follow-up is 18.7 + 9.3 months. Pediatricians report eczema and recurrent otitis media in 1 child, iron deficiency anemia and upper respiratory infection in 2. One child is < 10% for height and weight at 15 months. All are meeting developmental milestones at median age of 18.7 months, range: 6-36 months.
Conclusion: Up to 3 years of age, follow-up of neonates exposed to Paclitaxel in utero is reassuring. Continued observation of neonatal development is essential.
What is known: • Chemotherapy during the second and third trimester of pregnancy does not result in an increase in congenital malformations or developmental delay. • In non-human primate studies by Van Calsteren et al., variable plasma and/or tissue concentrations of taxanes, carboplatin, and trastuzumab were encountered in the fetal compartment. • Pilot data reported by the current investigators proved that paclitaxel crosses the human placenta.
What is new: • This current article provides medical and developmental follow up on the newborns from this exposure for 3 years after birth.
Keywords: Cancer; Child development; High-resolution mass spectrometry; Pregnancy.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.