Effect of Infarction-Related Artery Location on Clinical Outcome of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Contemporary Era of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - Subanalysis From the Prospective Japan Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (JAMIR)

Circ J. 2022 Mar 25;86(4):651-659. doi: 10.1253/circj.CJ-21-0698. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have reported that acute myocardial infarction (AMI) related to left anterior descending (LAD) lesion is associated with worse outcomes than left circumflex artery (LCX) or right coronary artery (RCA) lesions. However, it is unknown whether those relationships are still present in the contemporary era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), using newer generation drug-eluting stents and potent antiplatelet agents.Methods and Results:This study is a sub-analysis of the Japan AMI Registry (JAMIR), a multicenter, prospective registry enrolling 3,411 AMI patients between December 2015 and May 2017. Among them, 2,780 patients undergoing primary PCI for only a culprit vessel were included and stratified based on infarction-related artery type (LAD, LCX, and RCA). The primary outcome was 1-year cardiovascular death. The overall incidence of cardiovascular death was 3.4%. Patients with LAD infarction had highest incidence of cardiovascular death compared to patients with LCX and RCA infarction (4.8%, 1.3%, and 2.4%, respectively); however, landmark analysis showed that culprit vessel had no significant effect on cardiovascular death if a patient survived 30 days after primary PCI. LAD lesion infarction was an independent risk factor for cardiovascular death in adjusted Cox regression analysis.

Conclusions: The present sub-analysis of the JAMIR demonstrated that LAD infarction is still associated with worse outcomes, especially during the first 30 days, even in the contemporary era of PCI.

Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction; Culprit vessel; Outcome; Percutaneous coronary intervention.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arteries
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Myocardial Infarction* / etiology
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention* / adverse effects
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention* / methods
  • Registries
  • Treatment Outcome