Introduction: Topical sertaconazole is indicated in the treatment of vaginal or mucocutaneous fungal infections due to Candida and dermatophytosis. To our knowledge, there is no data available in the literature on the potential effects of sertaconazole during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential risks of topical sertaconazole use during pregnancy for the foetus and pregnancy.
Materials and methods: The EFEMERIS database was used, which contained medications prescribed and dispensed to pregnant women in the Haute-Garonne region whose pregnancy ended between July 2004 and December 2018. We compared pregnant women exposed to sertaconazole at least once during pregnancy to unexposed. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) of major congenital anomalies and small gestational age at birth were estimated using logistic regression models. For other outcomes, hazard ratios (HR) were estimated by Cox regression models.
Results: The study included 16,222 pregnant women (15.0%) who were given sertaconazole and 91,976 who were not. Exposure to sertaconazole during pregnancy was not associated with increased risks of any of the investigated outcomes, including natural pregnancy termination (HRa = 0.92 [0.78-1.08]), preterm birth (HRa = 1.06 [0.95-1.17]) and small for gestational age at birth (ORa = 0.78 [0.66-0.92]). No association between risk of major congenital anomalies overall and maternal exposure to sertaconazole during the first trimester was observed (ORa = 1.01 [0.84-1.21]).
Discussion: This is the first study involving a large number of pregnant women to assess the potential risks of sertaconazole during pregnancy. This study does not indicate an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcome and major congenital anomalies from exposure to topical sertaconazole.
Keywords: EFEMERIS database; adverse pregnancy outcomes; antifungal; congenital anomalies; pregnancy; sertaconazole.
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