Kluver-Bucy syndrome is an uncommon syndrome of behavioral abnormalities following bilateral temporal lobe injury. Only four children have been reported previously with this syndrome. We report three additional pediatric patients who developed Kluver-Bucy syndrome following hypoxic insults. In two patients, features of the syndrome were transient. Problems in intermediate memory were present in each patient. Behavioral abnormalities did not respond to the medications administered. Our experience suggests that Kluver-Bucy syndrome may occur more commonly in children than was suspected previously, especially following hypoxia.