Construction and Comprehensive Prognostic Analysis of a Novel Immune-Related lncRNA Signature and Immune Landscape in Gastric Cancer

Int J Genomics. 2022 Jan 17;2022:4105280. doi: 10.1155/2022/4105280. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Gastric cancer (GC) is a malignant tumor with high mortality and poor prognosis. Immunotherapies, especially immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), are widely used in various tumors, but patients with GC do not benefit much from immunotherapies. Therefore, effective predictive biomarkers are urgently needed for GC patients to realize the benefits of immunotherapy. Recent studies have indicated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) could be used as biomarkers in the immune landscape of multiple tumors. In this study, we constructed a novel immune-related lncRNA (irlncRNA) risk model to predict the survival and immune landscape of GC patients. First, we identified differentially expressed irlncRNAs (DEirlncRNAs) from RNA-Seq data of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). By using various algorithms, we constructed a risk model with 11 DEirlncRNA pairs. We then tested the accuracy of the risk model, demonstrating that the risk model has good efficiency in predicting the prognosis of GC patients. Inner validation sets were further used to confirm the effectiveness of the risk model. In addition, our risk model has a preferable performance in predicting the immune infiltration status of tumors, immune checkpoint status of the patients, and immunotherapy score. In conclusion, our risk model may provide insights into the prognosis of and immunotherapy strategy for GC.