Features Differ Between Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dyskinesia Patients with PRRT2 and TMEM151A Variants

Mov Disord. 2022 Mar;37(3):608-613. doi: 10.1002/mds.28939. Epub 2022 Jan 27.


Background: Mutations in proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 (PRRT2) are the major cause of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD). We recently reported transmembrane protein 151A (TMEM151A) mutations caused PKD. Herein, we aimed to conduct phenotypic comparisons of patients with PKD carrying PRRT2 variants, carrying TMEM151A variants, and carrying neither the PRRT2 nor TMEM151A variant.

Methods: Sanger sequencing of PRRT2 and TMEM151A was performed, and phenotypic characteristics were analyzed.

Results: In a cohort of 131 PKD probands (108 without PRRT2 variants and 23 newly recruited), five novel TMEM151A variants were identified and one (c.647C > A) occurred de novo. Together with our previous studies, PRRT2 and TMEM151A variants accounted for 34.7% (85/245) and 6.9% (17/245) of PKD probands, respectively. Compared with patients carrying PRRT2 variants, those with TMEM151A variants tended to exbibit dystonia with shorter durations, have no history of benign infantile epilepsy, and have residual attacks/aura when treated with carbamazepine/oxcarbazepine.

Conclusions: Patients with TMEM151A variants have different features from patients with PRRT2 variants. © 2022 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

Keywords: PRRT2; TMEM151A; de novo; paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia; phenotypic characteristics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chorea* / genetics
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dystonia* / genetics
  • Epilepsy*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics


  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • PRRT2 protein, human

Supplementary concepts

  • Familial paroxysmal dystonia