Visual outcomes after vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane in pseudophakic eyes with a diffractive trifocal intraocular lens: a retrospective cohort study

BMC Ophthalmol. 2022 Jan 27;22(1):39. doi: 10.1186/s12886-022-02273-6.

Abstract

Background: Diffractive intraocular lenses (IOLs) could affect visual acuity in patients with macular pathologies such as epiretinal membrane (ERM) and could influence the results of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for ERM removal in pseudophakic eyes with these IOLs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect on visual outcomes of a diffractive trifocal IOL in PPV for ERM peeling.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study on 20 eyes with a single model of trifocal IOL that underwent PPV for removal of ERM between January 2015 and September 2018 in our clinics. Follow up was at least 1 year. Primary outcome measure was mean change in visual acuity. Secondary outcome measures were mean change in central macular thickness (CMT), recovery of the external retinal layers, and change in spherical equivalent (SE).

Results: Mean corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 0.03 ± 0.03 logMAR after phacoemulsification; this worsened to 0.23 ± 0.10 logMAR with ERM, improving to 0.10 ± 0.04 log MAR 12 months after PPV (p = 0.001). Mean uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA) was Jaeger 2.62 ± 0.51 after lensectomy. This worsened to Jaeger 5.46 ± 1.67 with ERM and improved to the initial Jaeger 2.69 ± 0.84 after PPV (p = 0.005). CMT decreased significantly, from 380.15 ± 60.50 μm with the ERM to 313.70 ± 36.98 μm after PPV. Mean SE after lensectomy was - 0.18 ± 0.38 D, which minimally changed to - 0.18 ± 0.47 D after PPV (p = 0.99). The only complication recorded after PPV was a case of cystoid macular edema. No difficulties in visualization due to IOL design were reported during PPV.

Conclusion: PPV for ERM in eyes with this trifocal IOL seems to be safe and effective, and allows recovery of the loss of UNVA.

Keywords: Diffractive multifocal intraocular lens; Epiretinal membrane; Pseudophakic eyes; Trifocal intraocular lens; Vitrectomy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Epiretinal Membrane* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Phacoemulsification*
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Vitrectomy