Assessment of Peak Oxygen Uptake with a Smartwatch and its Usefulness for Training of Runners

Int J Sports Med. 2022 Jun;43(7):642-647. doi: 10.1055/a-1686-9068. Epub 2022 Jan 30.


Peak oxygen uptake (˙VO2peak) is an important factor contributing to running performance. Wearable technology may allow the assessment of ˙VO2peak more frequently and on a larger scale. We aim to i) validate the ˙VO2peak assessed by a smartwatch (Garmin Forerunner 245), and ii) discuss how this parameter may assist to evaluate and guide training procedures. A total of 23 runners (12 female, 11 male; ˙VO2peak: 48.6±6.8 ml∙min-1∙kg-1) visited the laboratory twice to determine their ˙VO2peak during a treadmill ramp test. Between laboratory visits, participants wore a smartwatch and performed three outdoor runs to obtain ˙VO2peak values provided by the smartwatch. The ˙VO2peak obtained by the criterion measure ranged from 38 to 61 ml∙min-1∙kg-1. The mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) between the smartwatch and the criterion ˙VO2peak was 5.7%. The criterion measure revealed a coefficient of variation of 4.0% over the VO2peak range from 38-61 ml∙min-1∙kg-1. MAPE between the smartwatch and criterion measure was 7.1, 4.1 and -6.2% when analyzing ˙VO2peak ranging from 39-45 ml∙min-1∙kg-1, 45-55 ml∙min-1∙kg-1 or 55-61 ml∙min-1∙kg-1, respectively.

MeSH terms

  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxygen
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Running*
  • Wearable Electronic Devices*


  • Oxygen