Aims: There is limited literature on IHD in DFU patients. This review aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors of IHD in patients with DFUs.
Methods: Seven electronic databases were searched from inception to April 2021.
Results: The prevalence of IHD in DFU patients ranged from 6.83% to 60.61% with a pooled mean of 25.85% (95% CI, 24.28%-27.32%). Several risk factors were identified including hypertension, male gender, smoking, and peripheral vascular disease.
Conclusion: We identified multiple risk factors for IHD requiring early interventions to increase long-term quality of life for patients with DFUs.
Keywords: Diabetic foot ulcer; Ischemic heart disease; Prevalence; Risk factors.
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