Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome in four new patients: identification of two novel LRP5 variants and insights on patients' management using bisphosphonates therapy

Osteoporos Int. 2022 Jul;33(7):1501-1510. doi: 10.1007/s00198-022-06313-1. Epub 2022 Feb 1.


This study describes the clinical, radiological, and molecular data of four new patients with osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome and assesses their response to bisphosphonate therapy.

Introduction: Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome (OPPG) is a very rare disorder characterized mainly by severe juvenile osteoporosis and congenital blindness. OPPG is caused by biallelic mutations in the gene encoding low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5).

Methods: We present the clinical, radiological, and molecular findings of four new patients with OPPG from Egypt. We also assessed patients' response to oral and intravenous bisphosphonate therapy.

Results: All patients had reduced bone mineral density (BMD) with variable number of fractures per year, in addition to bone abnormalities and the characteristic eye phenotype associated with OPPG. Mutation analyses of LRP5 gene revealed three different homozygous variants including two novel ones, c.7delG (p.A3Qfs*80) and c.3280G > A (p.E1094K). The c.3280G > A (p.E1094K) was recurrent in two unrelated patients who shared a unique haplotype suggesting a possible founder effect. The use of bisphosphonate therapy was beneficial; however, intravenous bisphosphonate administration led to a more favorable response.

Conclusion: Our study described the phenotypic and genetic features of four patients with OPPG and identified two new LRP5 variants, thus expanding the mutational spectrum of OPPG. In addition, our study reinforces the efficiency of using intravenous bisphosphonates in the management of patients with OPPG.

Keywords: Bisphosphonates; Egyptian patients; LRP5 gene; Novel variants; Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Bone Density / genetics
  • Diphosphonates* / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5* / genetics
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta* / complications
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta* / drug therapy
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta* / genetics


  • Diphosphonates
  • LRP5 protein, human
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5

Supplementary concepts

  • Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome