Repeated Aneurysm Intervention

Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg. 2022:44:277-296. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-87649-4_16.

Abstract

Over the past 25 years the endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms has gained preference in some countries over the traditional surgical procedures. The review part of the article clearly demonstrates that the clinical results of both modalities are similar and the difference is seen only in technical effectivity. Surgical techniques fail far less frequently than the endovascular ones. Incompletely occluded or growing aneurysms after the endovascular approach expose the patient to the risk of rebleeding with all possible consequences. Markedly repeated procedures are much more common for endovascularly treated aneurysms, again with all the risks.In the authors institution over the past 20 years, a total of 2032 aneurysms were treated. In 1263 endovascularly managed aneurysms the regrowth or inclomplete initial occlusion necessitated 159 repeated propcedures (12.6%). In surgical group the total of 27 aneurysms needed retreatment (3.5%). The difference is statistically significant. In nine patients in endovascular group the rebleeding was the reason for repeated procedures. No rebleeding was seen in the surgical group.This fact, also shown in the review part of the article, is important in patients counseling. Given the similar clinical results of both modalities the patient should be advised on the necessity of repeated follow-ups and of possible technical failure and eventual repeated procedure which is more likely if endovascular procedure is chosen.

Keywords: Cerebral aneurysm; Endovascular treatment; Surgical clipping.

MeSH terms

  • Embolization, Therapeutic*
  • Endovascular Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm* / diagnostic imaging
  • Retreatment
  • Treatment Outcome