Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) caused by the bacterium Rickettsia conorii is one of the oldest known tick-borne diseases. It is transmitted by the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus and occurs mainly in the Mediterranean area. MSF usually presents with a skin rash, high fever, and characteristic eschar at the site of the tick bite. The course of this disease may be benign or life-threatening. Focal neurological manifestations are unusual. We report the case of a patient who presented with an isolated peripheral facial nerve palsy complicating R conorii conorii infection.
Keywords: Mediterranean spotted fever; Peripheral facial nerve palsy; Rickettsia conorii.
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