Sporozoites of rodent and simian malaria, purified by anion exchangers, retain their immunogenicity and infectivity

J Protozool. 1978 Feb;25(1):119-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.1978.tb03881.x.


Sporozoites of rodent malaria, Plasmodium berghei, and simian malaria, Plasmodium knowlesi and Plasmodium cynomolgi, were partially separated from mosquito debris and microbial contaminants by passage of Anopheles material through a DEAE-cellulose column. In addition to eliminating most of the contaminants (80-90%), this simple technic has made it possible to recover rapidly large numbers of viable sporozoites (55-75% yield), which have retained their infectivity, immunogenicity, and capacity to react with known antisera. Mice injected with varying doses of column-purified sporozoites (CS) of P. berghei produced infections which paralleled those seen in the controls. Total protection against challenge with a potentially lethal dose of viable sporozoites was acquired by mice inoculated twice with irradiated CS of P. berghei CS of P. berghei and P. cynomolgi gave positive circumsporozoite precipitation (CSP) reactions, upon inoculation with the respective immune sera. The preservation of the surface antigens of CS was documented by immunofluorescence. It was shown that differences in elution behavior exist among sporozoites of certain species of Plasmodium as well as among sporozoiters of the same species derived from different organs of the mosquito. These results may be attributed to differences in the surface charge of the sporozoites or conditions in sample media. Purified sporozoites obtained by the method described in this report provide an adequate source of parasites for a variety of in vitro studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anopheles / parasitology
  • Antibody Formation
  • Chromatography, DEAE-Cellulose
  • Malaria / etiology
  • Mice
  • Plasmodium / immunology
  • Plasmodium / isolation & purification*
  • Plasmodium / pathogenicity
  • Plasmodium berghei / immunology
  • Plasmodium berghei / isolation & purification*