Triptorelin is one of the most commonly used gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists and has been used in the treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of up to 24 weeks of triptorelin treatment after conservative surgery for DIE.This prospective, non-interventional study was performed in 18 tertiary hospitals in China. Premenopausal women aged ≥18 years treated with triptorelin 3.75 mg once every 28 days for up to 24 weeks after conservative surgery for DIE were included. Endometriosis symptoms were assessed, using a visual analogue scale (0-10 cm) or numerical range (0-10), at baseline (pre-surgery) and routine visits 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after surgery. Changes in symptom intensity over time were primary outcome measures.A total of 384 women (mean [standard deviation] age, 33.4 [6.2] years) were analyzed. Scores for all symptoms (pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, ovulation pain, dyspareunia, menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, and gastrointestinal and urinary symptoms) assessed decreased from baseline over 24 months. Cumulative improvement rates in pelvic pain, dysmenorrhoa, ovulation pain, and dyspareunia were 74.4%, 83.6%, 55.1%, and 66.9%, respectively. The 24-month cumulative recurrence rate (≥1 symptom) was 22.2%. The risk of symptom recurrence was higher in patients with ≥2 versus 1 lesion (odds ratio [OR] 2.539; 95% CI: 1.458-4.423; P = .001) and patients with moderate (OR 5.733; 95% CI: 1.623-20.248; P = .007) or severe (OR 8.259; 95% CI: 2.449-27.851; P = .001) pain versus none/mild pain. Triptorelin was well tolerated without serious adverse events.Triptorelin after conservative surgery for DIE improved symptoms over 24 months of follow up. The recurrence rate of symptoms was low and triptorelin was generally well tolerated.Trial registration number: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01942369.
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