Hsp100 is an ATP-dependent unfoldase that promotes protein disaggregation or facilitates the unfolding of aggregation-prone polypeptides marked for degradation. Recently, new Hsp100 functions are emerging. In Plasmodium, an Hsp100 drives malaria protein export, presenting a novel drug target. Whether Hsp100 has a similar function in other protists is unknown. We present the 1.06 Å resolution crystal structure of the Hsp100 N-domain from Leishmania spp., the causative agent of leishmaniasis in humans. Our structure reveals a network of methionines and aromatic amino acids that define the putative substrate-binding site and likely evolved to protect Hsp100 from oxidative damage in host immune cells.
Keywords: Hsp100; Leishmania; molecular chaperone; protein unfoldase.
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