Taurine supplementation enhances endurance capacity by delaying blood glucose decline during prolonged exercise in rats

Amino Acids. 2022 Feb;54(2):251-260. doi: 10.1007/s00726-021-03110-8. Epub 2022 Feb 5.


Taurine enhances physical performance; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study examined the effect of taurine on the overtime dynamics of blood glucose concentration (BGC) during endurance exercise in rats. Male F344 rats were subjected to transient treadmill exercise until exhaustion following 3 weeks of taurine supplementation or non-supplementation (TAU and CON groups). Every 10 min during exercise, BGC was measured in blood collected through cannulation of the jugular vein. Gluconeogenesis-, lipolysis-, and fatty acid oxidation-related factors in the plasma, liver, and skeletal muscles were also analyzed after 120-min run. Exercise time to exhaustion was significantly longer with taurine supplementation. BGC in the two groups significantly increased by 40 min and gradually and significantly decreased toward the respective exhaustion point. The decline in BGC from the peak at 40 min was significantly slower in the TAU group. The time when the once-increased BGC regressed to the 0-time level was significantly and positively correlated with exercise time until exhaustion. At the 120-min point, where the difference in BGC between the two groups was most significant, plasma free fatty acid concentration and acetyl-carnitine and N-acetyltaurine concentrations in skeletal muscle were significantly higher in the TAU group, whereas glycogen and glucogenic amino acid concentrations and G6Pase activity in the liver were not different between the two groups. Taurine supplementation enhances endurance capacity by delaying the decrease in BGC toward exhaustion through increases of lipolysis in adipose tissues and fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscles during endurance exercise.

Keywords: Blood glucose concentration; Endurance exercise; Fatty acid oxidation; Gluconeogenesis; Jugular vein cannulation; Lipolysis; Taurine.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose* / metabolism
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Physical Endurance*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • Taurine / metabolism
  • Taurine / pharmacology


  • Blood Glucose
  • Taurine