Molecular cloning and sequence analysis of human placental alkaline phosphatase

J Biol Chem. 1986 Mar 5;261(7):3112-5.


The complete amino acid sequence of the precursor and mature forms of human placental alkaline phosphatase have been inferred from analysis of a cDNA. A near full-length PLAP cDNA (2.8 kilobases) was identified upon screening a bacteriophage lambda gt11 placental cDNA library with antibodies against CNBr fragments of the enzyme. The precursor protein (535 amino acids) displays, after the start codon for translation, a hydrophobic signal peptide of 21 amino acids before the amino-terminal sequence of mature placental alkaline phosphatase. The mature protein is 513 amino acids long. The active site serine has been identified at position 92, as well as two putative glycosylation sites at Asn122 and Asn249 and a highly hydrophobic membrane anchoring domain at the carboxyl terminus of the protein. Significant homology exists between placental alkaline phosphatase and Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase. Placental alkaline phosphatase is the first eukaryotic alkaline phosphatase to be cloned and sequenced.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alkaline Phosphatase / genetics*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antibodies
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular*
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Molecular Weight
  • Placenta / enzymology*
  • Pregnancy


  • Antibodies
  • Alkaline Phosphatase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M13077
  • GENBANK/M13078