Management of lateral meningocele syndrome in a child without neurological symptoms and literature review

Childs Nerv Syst. 2022 May;38(5):903-907. doi: 10.1007/s00381-022-05466-y. Epub 2022 Feb 7.


Purpose: Lateral meningocele syndrome (LMS) is a rare genetic connective tissue disorder which is associated with meningocele-related neurologic dysfunction. Several patients with LMS have been reported. But, guidelines for screening and treatment of LMS have not been established.

Method and results: We review the current knowledge of LMS in the article. Then, we describe a boy for whom a genomic analysis which allowed us to make a diagnosis of LMS and to begin monitoring of his condition for possible neurological complications.

Conclusion: It would be difficult to make a diagnosis of LMS on the basis of clinical manifestations alone. The natural history of dural ectasia in patients with LMS needs to be better defined to establish surgical indications. Based upon the current literature, ventriculoperitoneal shunting (V-Ps) has been recommended as the first-line surgical treatment option for patients with symptomatic thoracolumbar meningoceles.

Keywords: Connective tissue disorder; Distinctive craniofacial appearance; Dural ectasia; Ventriculoperitoneal shunting.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple* / genetics
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meningocele* / complications
  • Meningocele* / diagnostic imaging
  • Meningocele* / surgery
  • Meningomyelocele* / surgery
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt

Supplementary concepts

  • Lateral meningocele syndrome