Small Bowel Evisceration Through a Perforated Stercoral Ulcer

Am Surg. 2023 Jun;89(6):2885-2887. doi: 10.1177/00031348221075733. Epub 2022 Feb 5.


Stercoral ulcers are localized areas of loss of colonic mucosal integrity. They result from pressure necrosis of the colonic mucosa, secondary to chronic constipation and fecal inspissation. These ulcers are rare and, are associated with serious complications, including bleeding and perforation. We present the case of a 50-year-old woman who presented with small bowel evisceration through the anal canal secondary to extraperitoneal perforation of the rectum. The patient underwent emergent exploratory laparotomy with reduction of the bowel, followed by second look laparotomy in 24 hours. A full thickness defect in the rectum was identified and Hartmann's procedure was performed. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. Extraperitoneal perforation and evisceration of bowel is a rare clinical entity. These cases are diagnosed early due to the obvious clinical presentation and however may be misdiagnosed as prolapse. They necessitate urgent and careful surgical planning, to ensure preservation of bowel and complete recovery.

Keywords: evisceration; extraperitoneal; rectal prolapse; small bowel; stercoral ulcer.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Colonic Diseases* / surgery
  • Constipation / complications
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Perforation* / etiology
  • Intestine, Small
  • Middle Aged
  • Ulcer / complications
  • Ulcer / surgery