Is It Time to Create Training Pathways Allowing Earlier Subspecialization within the "House of Orthopaedics"?: AOA Critical Issues

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2022 Jun 15;104(12):e52. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.20.02166. Epub 2022 Feb 8.


The ability to train an orthopaedic resident in all aspects of orthopaedics in 5 years has become increasingly difficult due to the growth in knowledge and techniques, work-hour restrictions, and reduced resident autonomy. It has become nearly universal for our residents to complete at least 1 subspecialty fellowship prior to entering practice. In some subspecialties, the skills necessary to practice competently have become difficult to master. Simply adding to the current length of training may not address these issues effectively and would add to the economic cost of residency training. Novel training pathways that allow residents to focus earlier and in greater depth on their intended subspecialty while maintaining general orthopaedic competencies can be created without lengthening training. It is time to initiate discussions about these possibilities.

MeSH terms

  • Education, Medical, Graduate
  • Fellowships and Scholarships
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Orthopedic Procedures*
  • Orthopedics* / education