"Three-in-One" Multifunctional Nanohybrids with Colorimetric Magnetic Catalytic Activities to Enhance Immunochromatographic Diagnosis

ACS Nano. 2022 Feb 22;16(2):3351-3361. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.2c00008. Epub 2022 Feb 9.


Colorimetric lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as signal reporters has been widely used in point-of-care testing. Nonetheless, the potential of traditional AuNP-based LFIA for the early diagnosis of disease is often compromised by limited sensitivity due to the insufficient colorimetric signal brightness of AuNPs. Herein, we develop a "three-in-one" multifunctional catalytic colorimetric nanohybrid (Fe3O4@MOF@Pt) composed of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, MIL-100(Fe), and platinum (Pt) nanoparticles. Fe3O4@MOF@Pt displays enhanced colorimetric signal brightness, fast magnetic response, and ultrahigh peroxidase-mimicking activity, which are beneficial to the enhancement of the sensitivity of LFIA by coupling with magnetic separation and catalytic amplification. When integrated with the dual-antibody sandwich LFIA platform, the developed Fe3O4@MOF@Pt can achieve an ultrasensitive immunochromatographic assay of procalcitonin with a sensitivity of 0.5 pg mL-1, which is approximately 2280-fold higher than that of conventional AuNP-based LFIA and superior to previously published immunoassays. Therefore, this work suggests that the proposed catalytic colorimetric nanohybrid can act as promising signal reporters to enable ultrasensitive immunochromatographic disease diagnostics.

Keywords: colorimetric signal transduction; immunochromatographic diagnostics; magnetic response; multifunctional nanohybrids; nanozyme amplification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Colorimetry* / methods
  • Gold / chemistry
  • Immunoassay / methods
  • Magnetic Phenomena
  • Metal Nanoparticles* / chemistry


  • Gold