LncPep: A Resource of Translational Evidences for lncRNAs

Front Cell Dev Biol. 2022 Jan 24;10:795084. doi: 10.3389/fcell.2022.795084. eCollection 2022.


Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a type of transcript that is >200 nucleotides long with no protein-coding capacity. Accumulating studies have suggested that lncRNAs contain open reading frames (ORFs) that encode peptides. Although several noncoding RNA-encoded peptide-related databases have been developed, most of them display only a small number of experimentally validated peptides, and resources focused on lncRNA-encoded peptides are still lacking. We used six types of evidence, coding potential assessment tool (CPAT), coding potential calculator v2.0 (CPC2), N6-methyladenosine modification of RNA sites (m6A), Pfam, ribosome profiling (Ribo-seq), and translation initiation sites (TISs), to evaluate the coding potential of 883,804 lncRNAs across 39 species. We constructed a comprehensive database of lncRNA-encoded peptides, LncPep (http://www.shenglilabs.com/LncPep/). LncPep provides three major functional modules: 1) user-friendly searching/browsing interface, 2) prediction and BLAST modules for exploring novel lncRNAs and peptides, and 3) annotations for lncRNAs, peptides and supporting evidence. Taken together, LncPep is a user-friendly and convenient platform for discovering and investigating peptides encoded by lncRNAs.

Keywords: cancer; lncRNA; m6A; peptide; ribo-seq; translation.