Spirovetivane- and Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenoids Isolated from the Culture Media of Two Cyanobacterial Strains

J Nat Prod. 2022 Feb 25;85(2):415-425. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.1c01014. Epub 2022 Feb 10.


As part of a study examining polar metabolites produced by cyanobacterial strains, we examined media extracts of a Calothrix sp. (strain R-3-1) and a Scytonema sp. (strain U-3-3). The cell mass of each was separated from the media, and HP20 resin was added for adsorption of secreted metabolites, a relatively unexplored area of cyanobacterial chemistry. HPLC-UV-LCMS-guided isolation led to the discovery of seven sesquiterpenoid compounds with five new, one known, and one previously isolated as the methyl ester. Through a complement of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic techniques, the planar structures and relative configurations of the seven compounds were elucidated. Spironostoic acid (1), 11,12-didehydrospironostoic acid (2), and 12-hydroxy-2-oxo-11-epi-hinesol (4) are spirovetivane-type compounds from R-3-1, while stigolone (5), 11R,12-dihydroxystigolone (6), and 11S,12-dihydroxystigolone (7) are three eudesmane-type compounds from U-3-3. Circular dichroism was utilized to decipher the absolute configurations of new compounds 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, and 7. Due to the structural variety observed among the spirovetivane- and eudesmane-type compounds in the literature and often a lack of clarity in how determinations were made, computational spectra and model compounds were used to support the interpretation of ECD and NMR spectra. A straightforward process to determine the configuration of these systems is presented.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Culture Media
  • Molecular Structure
  • Sesquiterpenes* / chemistry
  • Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane* / chemistry


  • Culture Media
  • Sesquiterpenes
  • Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane