Effect of Postpartum Yoga on Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy and Maternal Attachment in Primiparous Mothers

Breastfeed Med. 2022 Apr;17(4):311-317. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2021.0320. Epub 2022 Feb 10.


Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effect of yoga practice on the breastfeeding self-efficacy and maternal attachment of primiparous mothers in the postpartum period. Methods: This study was performed in a quasi-experimental model with pretest and posttest control groups. The domain of the study was formed with women with 20-40-day-old babies enrolled in two Family Health Centers. One hundred and twenty-four women participated in the study. The Individual Identification Form, Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale, and Maternal Attachment Scale were completed by the experimental and control groups. The experimental group engaged in 60 minutes of postpartum yoga practice 2 days a week for 8 weeks in the company of the researcher. Results: After yoga practice, there was a statistically significant increase in the breastfeeding self-efficacy and improvement in the maternal attachment of the experimental group (p < 0.05). The corresponding increase and improvement of the mothers in the control group were less than those of the mothers in the experimental group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: This study finds that it is beneficial for both the mother's and the baby's physical and psychological health for health professionals to teach mothers to practice yoga, which positively affects breastfeeding and maternal attachment in the postpartum period.

Keywords: breastfeeding; maternal attachment; self-efficacy; yoga.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Breast Feeding / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Mothers* / psychology
  • Postpartum Period / psychology
  • Self Efficacy
  • Yoga*