Reduced incretin effect in type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes

Diabetologia. 1986 Jan;29(1):46-52. doi: 10.1007/BF02427280.


Integrated incremental immunoreactive insulin and connecting peptide responses to an oral glucose load of 50 g and an "isoglycaemic" intravenous glucose infusion, respectively, were measured in 14 Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients and 8 age- and weight-matched metabolically healthy control subjects. Differences between responses to oral and intravenous glucose administration are attributed to factors other than glucose itself (incretin effect). Despite higher glucose increases, immunoreactive insulin and connecting peptide responses after oral glucose were delayed in diabetic patients. Integrated responses were not significantly different between both groups. However, during "isoglycaemic" intravenous infusion, insulin and connecting peptide responses were greater in diabetic patients than in control subjects as a consequence of the higher glycaemic stimulus. The contribution of incretin factors to total insulin responses was 72.8 +/- 6.9% (100% = response to oral load) in control subjects and 36.0 +/- 8.8% in diabetic patients (p less than or equal to 0.05). The contribution to connecting peptide responses was 58.4 +/- 7.6% in control subjects and 7.6 +/- 14.5% (p less than or equal to 0.05) in diabetic patients. Ratios of integrated insulin to connecting peptide responses suggest a reduced (hepatic) insulin extraction in control subjects after oral as compared to intravenous glucose. This was not the case in diabetic patients. Immunoreactive gastric inhibitory polypeptide responses were not different between control subjects and diabetic patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • C-Peptide / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide / blood
  • Glucose / administration & dosage
  • Glucose / pharmacology*
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Parenteral
  • Insulin / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreas / metabolism


  • Blood Glucose
  • C-Peptide
  • Insulin
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide
  • Glucose