Prevalence and correlates of current suicidal ideation in women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder

BMC Womens Health. 2022 Feb 11;22(1):35. doi: 10.1186/s12905-022-01612-5.


Background: Although previous studies report an association between Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) and suicidal ideation, most studies have only established a provisional and retrospective diagnosis of PMDD fundamentally invalidating the diagnosis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and to explore correlates of current suicidal ideation in the late luteal phase in women with prospectively assessed and confirmed PMDD.

Methods: Participants were 110 women who attended the pre-randomization baseline visit of two randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials between January 15, 2017 and October 19, 2019. PMDD was diagnosed prospectively in line with DSM-5 criteria. Current suicidal ideation was measured by the MADRS-S in the late luteal phase. Descriptive statistics were presented and logistic regression analyses were carried out to explore the association between psychosocial and health characteristics and current suicidal ideation, presenting unadjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).

Results: Current suicidal ideation was reported by nearly 40% of women with confirmed PMDD (n = 43, 39.1%). Previous psychological treatment for PMDD and higher depressive symptoms in the late luteal phase were positively associated with current suicidal ideation (OR 5.63, 95% CI 1.07-29.49, and OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.10-1.25, respectively), whereas higher ratings of self-rated health were associated with lower odds ratios for current suicidal ideation (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.96-0.99).

Conclusions: A substantial proportion of women with confirmed PMDD report current suicidal ideation in the late luteal phase. Results point to a need for better awareness and screening of suicidal ideation in women with PMDD.

Keywords: MADRS-S; Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD); Prevalence; Suicidal ideation; Women’s health.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Luteal Phase / psychology
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder* / epidemiology
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder* / psychology
  • Premenstrual Syndrome* / epidemiology
  • Premenstrual Syndrome* / psychology
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Suicidal Ideation