The Effects of Relaxation Techniques on Pain, Fatigue, and Kinesiophobia in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A 3-Arm Randomized Trial

J Neurosci Nurs. 2022 Apr 1;54(2):86-91. doi: 10.1097/JNN.0000000000000620.


BACKGROUND: In addition to the available medical treatment options, multiple sclerosis (MS) patients may tend toward complementary and integrative therapies. Relaxation techniques are a nonpharmacological and side-effect-free therapy option currently available to alleviate the symptoms of many different chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the effects of relaxation techniques on the pain, fatigue, and kinesiophobia in MS patients. METHODS: This 3-arm randomized controlled trial consisted of 80 MS patients. Relaxation techniques, progressive muscle relaxation and Benson relaxation technique were applied to 2 intervention groups, the third was the control group. The study lasted 12 weeks, and the patient information form, visual analog scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, and Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia were used for data collection. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant decrease in pain, fatigue, and kinesiophobia levels in the intervention groups compared with the control group (P < .05). Progressive muscle relaxation was more effective than Benson relaxation technique (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Relaxation techniques are recommended for the management of symptoms of pain, fatigue, and kinesiophobia, which can often cause disability in MS patients, because they have no side effects and are practical administrations. These exercises are also promising in the rehabilitation process of MS patients.

Trial registration: NCT04833673.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Fatigue / etiology
  • Fatigue / therapy
  • Humans
  • Multiple Sclerosis* / complications
  • Multiple Sclerosis* / therapy
  • Pain
  • Pain Measurement
  • Quality of Life
  • Relaxation Therapy* / methods

Associated data