Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical features of non-melanoma tumors of the head and neck, as well as the validity of surgical therapy in their treatment.
Subjects and methods: The study included 530 patients who were operated in the Otorhinolaryngology department of the Livno County Hospital.
Results: In 295 cases (65.1%), it was basal cell carcinoma of the skin and was followed by squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in 119 cases (29.9%) while the remaining 5% of cases referred to other non-melanoma skin carcinomas. Statistically significant, the most common non-melanoma skin carcinoma was basal cell carcinoma (χ2=625,67; df=4; p<0.01). The most co mmon localization was the skin of the nose (24.2%), which proved to be statistically significant (χ2=290.824; df=5; p=0.00). All patients underwent classic surgery, and in 358 cases (89.5%) the tumor was completely removed, while in 40 cases (10.5%) the tumor was partially removed which proved to be statistically significant (χ2=254,08; df=1; p=0.00).
Conclusions: The results of the study fully confirm the assertion that classical surgery is the method of choice in the treatment of non-melanoma skin cancers and in the vast majority it is proven to be sufficient.