Albumin binding Nanofitins, a new scaffold to extend half-life of biologics - a case study with exenatide peptide

Peptides. 2022 Jun:152:170760. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2022.170760. Epub 2022 Feb 9.


A new strategy of peptide half-life extension has been evaluated. We investigated libraries of a small and very stable protein scaffold called Nanofitin, capable of high affinity for protein targets. We have identified Nanofitins targeting Human and mouse Serum Albumin, which could significantly improve the pharmacokinetics of an active associated peptide, mobilizing the patient's own albumin without external source. To demonstrate the impact of this approach on half-life extension, a genetic fusion of an Exenatide peptide with an Albumin Binding Nanofitin (ABNF) was performed. Specific activity of Exenatide-ABNF was measured and unaffected by the fusion. In vivo mice results provided convincing data (t½ of 8 min for Exenatide peptide compared to 20 h for Exenatide-ABNF) with sustained pharmacological activity over 3 days. This study constitutes a proof-of-concept of in vivo half-life extension of a biologic using an ABNF. Besides, the absence of cysteine in the Nanofitin scaffold, which is therefore devoid of structuring disulfide bonds, allows manufacturing in microbial cost effective systems.

Keywords: ABNF; Albumin; Exenatide; Half-life extension; Nanofitin.

MeSH terms

  • Albumins
  • Animals
  • Biological Products*
  • Exenatide
  • Half-Life
  • Mice
  • Peptides* / chemistry


  • Albumins
  • Biological Products
  • Peptides
  • Exenatide