Background. Ocular extraintestinal manifestations (O-EIMs) are one of the most well-known EIMs in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aimed to identify the frequency of O-EIMs in children with IBD, referred to Mofid Children's Hospital, Tehran, Iran, during 2014 to 2019. Methods. Children with IBD, younger than the age of 18 years, who were referred to an ophthalmologist, were included in this study. Results. Ninety-six patients with IBD were examined. Four patients had ocular manifestation of IBD. Two patients had complications due to treatment of IBD. The mean age of the patients was 11.25 ± 4.17 years (range: 5.5-17 years). The O-EIMs included 3 (50.0%) cases of anterior uveitis, 1 (16.7%) case of episcleritis, and 2 (33.3%) cases of posterior subcapsular cataract. Conclusion. O-EIMs are important in children with IBD. Therefore, it is recommended that annual screening for ocular complications be performed in all children with IBD.
Keywords: Crohn’s disease; IBD; children; ocular complication; ulcerative colitis.