Background: Invasive candidal infection combined with bacterial bloodstream infection is one of the common nosocomial infections that is also the main cause of morbidity and mortality. The incidence of invasive Candidal infection with bacterial bloodstream infection is increasing year by year worldwide, but data on China is still limited.
Methods: We included 246 hospitalised patients who had invasive candidal infection combined with a bacterial bloodstream infection from January 2013 to January 2018; we collected and analysed the relevant epidemiological information and used machine learning methods to find prognostic factors related to death (training set and test set were randomly allocated at a ratio of 7:3).
Results: Of the 246 patients with invasive candidal infection complicated with a bacterial bloodstream infection, the median age was 63 years (53.25-74), of which 159 (64.6%) were male, 109 (44.3%) were elderly patients (> 65 years), 238 (96.7%) were hospitalised for more than 10 days, 168 (68.3%) were admitted to ICU during hospitalisation, and most patients had records of multiple admissions within 2 years (167/246, 67.9%). The most common blood index was hypoproteinemia (169/246, 68.7%), and the most common inducement was urinary catheter use (210/246, 85.4%). Moreover, the most frequently infected fungi and bacteria were Candida parapsilosis and Acinetobacter baumannii, respectively. The main predictors of death prognosis by machine learning method are serum creatinine level, age, length of stay, stay in ICU during hospitalisation, serum albumin level, C-Reactive protein (CRP), leukocyte count, neutrophil count, Procalcitonin (PCT), and total bilirubin level.
Conclusion: Our results showed that the most common candida and bacteria infections were caused by Candida parapsilosis and Acinetobacter baumannii, respectively. The main predictors of death prognosis are serum creatinine level, age, length of stay, stay in ICU during hospitalisation, serum albumin level, CRP, leukocyte count, neutrophil count, PCT and total bilirubin level.
Keywords: Bacterial bloodstream infection; China; Epidemic; Invasive candidal infection; Machine learning.
© 2022. The Author(s).