The perchloroethylene-induced toxicity in dry cleaning workers lymphocytes through induction of oxidative stress

J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2022 Apr;36(4):e23000. doi: 10.1002/jbt.23000. Epub 2022 Feb 13.


Evaluation of the compounds and metabolites, and studying their side effects in the workplace is essential. This study was designed to evaluate the exposure of dry cleaning workers to perchloroethylene (PEC), and its liver and kidney damage, and oxidative stress in B-lymphocytes isolated from the workers. Blood samples were evaluated for liver (alanine transaminase [ALT] and aspartate transaminase [AST]) and kidney (BUN and creatinine) markers. For measurement of PEC, exhaled, personal, and ambient air samples were collected and analyzed gas chromatography (GC-FID) through the NIOSH 1003 and 3704 methods. Also, the parameters of oxidative stress including the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), and lipid peroxidation (LPO) in B-lymphocytes were evaluated. The results showed that the levels of liver enzymes ALT and AST in dry cleaning workers are higher than in the control group. The personal exposure levels and exhaled air concentration of PEC in dry cleaning workers were above the recommended national occupational exposure limits (OELs) and the biological exposure index (BEI). The levels of ROS, LPO, and GSSG in B-lymphocytes from the dry cleaning workers are higher than the control group, and the levels of GSH in dry cleaning workers are lower. The results suggested that exposure of dry cleaning workers to PEC could be associated with liver damage and oxidative damage in B-lymphocytes.

Keywords: B-lymphocytes; dry cleaning workers; oxidative stress; perchloroethylene; reactive oxygen species.

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollutants, Occupational* / analysis
  • Air Pollutants, Occupational* / toxicity
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods
  • Glutathione Disulfide / analysis
  • Humans
  • Laundering* / methods
  • Lymphocytes
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Tetrachloroethylene* / analysis
  • Tetrachloroethylene* / toxicity


  • Air Pollutants, Occupational
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Tetrachloroethylene
  • Glutathione Disulfide