Responses of Soybean Genotypes to Different Nitrogen and Phosphorus Sources: Impacts on Yield Components, Seed Yield, and Seed Protein

Plants (Basel). 2022 Jan 24;11(3):298. doi: 10.3390/plants11030298.


Soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr) is an important crop, as both food for humans and feed for livestock in Cambodia, but the yields are low, due to use of low yielding genotypes and limited use of inputs. This study aimed to investigate the effects of different genotypes and different N and P fertilizer sources on growth, seed yield, and seed protein of soybean. Five genotypes (Sbung, Hongry, 98C81, ACS1, and Kaiabi) were grown under different N (90 kg N ha-1 from urea, nano-n, Nitroplus, and without N application as control) and P fertilizers (50 kg P ha-1 from Inorganic P, nano-p, Mykovam, and without P application as control) in two screenhouse experiments. Shoot, root, and nodulation traits, as well as seed yield and protein, were significantly affected by genotypes and different N and/or P fertilizer sources. Notably, while genotypes Sbung and 98C81 showed the highest yields among the genotypes, regardless of different N and P fertilizers, only Sbung had the highest seed protein. The application of different N and/or P sources significantly increased seed yield, compared to non-N and -P application. Specifically, seed yield and seed protein were higher when treated with nano-n or urea, and number of nodules, root biomass, and nodule dry weight was increased with Nitroplus, whereas seed yield and protein were higher with nano-p, Mykovam, and inorganic P. Application rate of 90 kg N ha-1 and 50 kg P ha-1 produced higher seed yield and its components and seed protein. We conclude that N and P application as well as Nitroplus inoculation can help increase seed yield of soybean in Cambodia.

Keywords: nitrogen; phosphorous; seed protein; soybean; yield; yield components.