CNN-Based Smoker Classification and Detection in Smart City Application

Sensors (Basel). 2022 Jan 24;22(3):892. doi: 10.3390/s22030892.


To better regulate smoking in no-smoking areas, we present a novel AI-based surveillance system for smart cities. In this paper, we intend to solve the issue of no-smoking area surveillance by introducing a framework for an AI-based smoker detection system for no-smoking areas in a smart city. Moreover, this research will provide a dataset for smoker detection problems in indoor and outdoor environments to help future research on this AI-based smoker detection system. The newly curated smoker detection image dataset consists of two classes, Smoking and NotSmoking. Further, to classify the Smoking and NotSmoking images, we have proposed a transfer learning-based solution using the pre-trained InceptionResNetV2 model. The performance of the proposed approach for predicting smokers and not-smokers was evaluated and compared with other CNN methods on different performance metrics. The proposed approach achieved an accuracy of 96.87% with 97.32% precision and 96.46% recall in predicting the Smoking and NotSmoking images on a challenging and diverse newly-created dataset. Although, we trained the proposed method on the image dataset, we believe the performance of the system will not be affected in real-time.

Keywords: AI-based surveillance; smoker classification; smoker detection dataset; transfer learning.

MeSH terms

  • Benchmarking
  • Cities
  • Humans
  • Smokers*
  • Smoking*