People-Centred Development of a Smart Waste Bin

Sensors (Basel). 2022 Feb 8;22(3):1288. doi: 10.3390/s22031288.


The study presented in this article focuses on the role of a smart waste bin (waste container) designed for waste management and explores what types of interventions people consider more appropriate in promoting environmentally responsible behaviour-based on norms or on an individual's emotions. The smart waste bin development process was people-centred and paid particular attention to human experiences, allowing for various interaction modalities. By incorporating various sensors for waste volume and weight measurement in conjunction with presence and user identification capabilities, the experience was personalised. User feedback was collected by an extensive survey, consisting of four systematic sections, where values, attitudes, norms, perceived behavioural control, behavioural intention and actual behaviour were examined. The survey was completed by 194 respondents. The results showed that participants at the declarative level show a high level of environmental awareness and are very much willing to handle waste appropriately. Additionally, the results of the R&D process indicated that relatively cheap and efficient technological solutions can be developed to support waste management and sustainable lifestyles if the human-centred approach is taken into account.

Keywords: IoT; smart waste bin; user study.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude
  • Humans
  • Intention
  • Refuse Disposal*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Waste Management*