Functional Status, Quality of Life, and Physical Activity of Senior Club Members-A Cross-Sectional Study

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Feb 8;19(3):1900. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19031900.


This study aims to assess the functional status, quality of life, and physical activity (PA) of the elderly who are members of senior social clubs. The study included 63 participants (65-95 years old) who were members of a seniors club. The study utilized the following instruments: Barthel scale, Lawton's scale of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), WHO Quality of Life-BREF questionnaire, author's survey questionnaire containing questions about the type of PA. Duration of membership in the senior club has a statistically significant effect on Barthel index score (F = 19.68, p < 0.001) and Lawton's IADL scale results (F = 17.59, p < 0.001). All four domains of life quality were strongly related to the duration of attendance to senior clubs. Participants who attended the senior club for more than five years were more likely to report a longer PA duration than participants who attended the senior club for less than 5 years (Chi2 = 25.84, p < 0.001). Attendance to senior social clubs has a strong positive impact on functional status, quality of life, and PA of the elderly. Moreover, our study identified numerous social-demographic factors associated with PA, quality of life, and functional status of senior club members.

Keywords: elderly; physical activity; quality of life.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Exercise
  • Functional Status
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life*