Synthesis of Sucrose-HDI Cooligomers: New Polyols for Novel Polyurethane Networks

Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Jan 27;23(3):1444. doi: 10.3390/ijms23031444.


Sucrose-1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) cooligomers were synthesized and used as new polyols for poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)-based polyurethanes. The polyaddition reaction of sucrose and HDI was monitored by MALDI-TOF MS. It was found that by selecting appropriate reaction conditions, mostly linear oligomer chains containing 16 sucrose units could be obtained. For the synthesis of polyurethane networks, prepolymers were prepared by the reaction of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL, 10 kg/mol) with HDI or 4,4'-methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) and were reacted with sucrose-HDI cooligomers. The so-obtained sucrose-containing polyurethanes were characterized by means of attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FT IR), swelling, mechanical (uniaxial tensile tests) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).

Keywords: 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate; chemical and physical characterization; cooligomer; poly(ε-caprolactone); polyol; sucrose.

MeSH terms

  • Calorimetry, Differential Scanning
  • Isocyanates / chemistry*
  • Materials Testing
  • Polyesters / chemical synthesis
  • Polyesters / chemistry
  • Polyurethanes / chemical synthesis*
  • Polyurethanes / chemistry
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Sucrose / chemistry*
  • Temperature


  • Isocyanates
  • Polyesters
  • Polyurethanes
  • 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate
  • Sucrose