Polyextremophilic Chitinolytic Activity by a Marine Strain (IG119) of Clonostachys  rosea

Molecules. 2022 Jan 21;27(3):688. doi: 10.3390/molecules27030688.


The investigation for novel unique extremozymes is a valuable business for which the marine environment has been overlooked. The marine fungus Clonostachys rosea IG119 was tested for growth and chitinolytic enzyme production at different combinations of salinity and pH using response surface methodology. RSM modelling predicted best growth in-between pH 3.0 and 9.0 and at salinity of 0-40‱, and maximum enzyme activity (411.137 IU/L) at pH 6.4 and salinity 0‱; however, quite high production (>390 IU/L) was still predicted at pH 4.5-8.5. The highest growth and activity were obtained, respectively, at pH 4.0 and 8.0, in absence of salt. The crude enzyme was tested at different salinities (0-120‱) and pHs (2.0-13.0). The best activity was achieved at pH 4.0, but it was still high (in-between 3.0 and 12.0) at pH 2.0 and 13.0. Salinity did not affect the activity in all tested conditions. Overall, C. rosea IG119 was able to grow and produce chitinolytic enzymes under polyextremophilic conditions, and its crude enzyme solution showed more evident polyextremophilic features. The promising chitinolytic activity of IG119 and the peculiar characteristics of its chitinolytic enzymes could be suitable for several biotechnological applications (i.e., degradation of salty chitin-rich materials and biocontrol of spoiling organisms, possibly solving some relevant environmental issues).

Keywords: Clonostachys rosea; chitinolytic enzymes; high producer; marine fungi; polyextremophiles; response surface methodology.

MeSH terms

  • Biotechnology
  • Chitin / chemistry
  • Chitinases / isolation & purification
  • Chitinases / metabolism*
  • Extremophiles / isolation & purification
  • Extremophiles / metabolism
  • Fermentation
  • Hypocreales / enzymology*
  • Hypocreales / metabolism*
  • Salinity


  • Chitin
  • Chitinases

Supplementary concepts

  • Clonostachys rosea